The Policy implements Division G, Title II, Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008) which states:
SEC. 218. The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.
The Public Access Policy ensures that the public has access to the published results of NIH-funded research.
It requires scientists to submit final peer-reviewed journal manuscripts that arise from NIH funds to the digital archive PubMed Central (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/).
The Policy requires that these final peer-reviewed manuscripts be accessible to the public on PubMed Central to help advance science and improve human health.
More information on the NIH Public Access Policy can be obtained at:
- My NCBI overview video
- My Bibliography overview video
- Linking eRA Commons accounts to My NCBI
- Managing Compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy: video overview and instructions
- Collaborating with PIs and Co-Authors to associate papers with NIH grants, monitor compliance, and simplify reporting
- Using delegates for My Bibliography
- Using My Bibliography to generate the publications section of form PHS 2590
- My NCBI detailed video training excerpted from the January 2013 Webinar
PubMed Central is an archive of full-text biomedical journal papers available online without a fee. Papers on PubMed Central contain links to other scientific databases such as GenBank (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Genbank/) and PubChem (http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/).
Papers collected under the Public Access Policy are archived on PubMed Central.
Once posted to PubMed Central, results of NIH-funded research become more prominent, integrated and accessible, making it easier for all scientists to pursue NIH's research priority areas competitively.
PubMed Central materials are integrated with large NIH research data bases such as Genbank and PubChem, which helps accelerate scientific discovery.
Clinicians, patients, educators, and students can better reap the benefits of papers arising from NIH funding by accessing them on PubMed Central at no charge.
Finally, the Policy allows NIH to monitor, mine, and develop its portfolio of taxpayer funded research more effectively, and archive its results in perpetuity.
More information about PubMed Central is available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/about/faq.html.
Manuscript Submission System FAQ's
Research Performance Progress Report FAQ's
MyNCBI Delegates FAQ's
When and How to Comply
These journals post the final published version of all peer-reviewed NIH-funded articles to PubMed Central (PMC) no later than 12 months after publication without author involvement.
List of Method A Journals
These publishers and journals have an agreement with NIH to post individual final published articles in PubMed Central (PMC) on a case-by-case basis. These journals do not automatically post every NIH-funded paper in PMC. Rather, the author can choose to arrange with the journal to post a specific article; this usually involves choosing the journal’s fee-based open access option for publishing that article.
List of Method B Journals
Methods C & D
In Method C, the author or a delegate deposits the final peer-reviewed manuscript into the NIH Manuscript Submission system (NIHMS).
In Method D, the publisher deposits the final peer-reviewed manuscript into the NIHMS.
Regardless of who starts and manages the submission process, authors and awardees are responsible for ensuring that the final, peer-reviewed manuscript is deposited into the NIHMS upon acceptance for publication.
For additional information on submission methods, please visit:
The NIH Manuscript Submission System (NIHMS)
The NIH Manuscript Submission System (NIHMS) is tool for authors and publishers to deposit electronic version of peer-reviewed final manuscripts for inclusion in PubMed Central. Papers in the NIHMS are assigned an identifier (NIHMSID). The NIHMS has a video overview, illustrated submission tutorials and an FAQ.